Get In Touch

Get Answer To Your Queries

Select a valid category

Enter a valid sub category


Please check this box to proceed further

Cavity Walls 101 : Understanding their Advantages and Where to Construct Them

A cavity wall is a type of wall construction that consists of two parallel layers of masonry separated by a cavity or gap. The two layers, or "skins," are typically made of brick or concrete block, and are connected by metal ties that span the gap between them. The cavity between the two layers of masonry is usually filled with insulation material, which helps to reduce heat loss and improve energy efficiency.


What is a Cavity Wall ?

Cavity walls were introduced in the late 19th century as a solution to the problems associated with traditional solid masonry walls. Before the invention of cavity walls, buildings were constructed using thick, solid walls made of materials such as brick or stone. While these walls provided good structural support, they were not particularly effective at insulating the building or preventing moisture from penetrating the wall. The idea behind cavity walls was to create a space between two layers of masonry, which could be filled with insulation material. This would provide better thermal insulation and prevent moisture from penetrating the wall.

Advantages of Cavity Wall

Cavity walls offer several advantages over traditional solid walls, including :


  • 1. Damp Prevention

  • Damp prevention is an essential aspect of maintaining a healthy and comfortable living environment. Dampness in buildings can lead to a range of problems, including mildew growth and structural damage. Therefore, it is crucial to take proactive measures to prevent dampness from occurring.
  • 2. Thermal Insulation

  • Thermal insulation is a material or technique used to reduce the transfer of heat between two surfaces or areas with different temperatures. It is an important aspect of building design, as it helps to regulate indoor temperatures, reduce energy consumption, and increase comfort levels.
  • 3. Sound Insulation

  • Sound insulation, also known as acoustic insulation or soundproofing, is a technique used to reduce the amount of noise that travels between two spaces. Sound insulation is important in both residential and commercial settings, as it helps to improve privacy, reduce noise pollution, and increase comfort levels.
  • 4. Efflorescence Prevention

  • Efflorescence is a common problem that occurs when water-soluble salts and other materials are brought to the surface of concrete or masonry surfaces, leaving behind a white or grayish powdery deposit. This can not only be unsightly, but it can also lead to the deterioration of the surface over time.

  • A few other advantages include the following:

    • Increased Durability :

      The use of metal ties to connect the two layers of masonry in a cavity wall provides additional strength and stability helping to prevent cracking and other structural problems.

    • Greater Design Flexibility :

      Cavity walls can be constructed using a variety of materials, including brick, concrete block, and stone. This allows architects and builders greater design flexibility.

    • Longevity :

      Cavity walls can last for many decades with minimal upkeep required.


Overall, the advantages of cavity walls make them a popular and effective construction method for both residential and commercial buildings. By providing improved insulation, moisture control, durability, sound insulation, and design flexibility, cavity walls can help to create buildings that are more comfortable, efficient, and long-lasting.

Where to Construct a Cavity Wall ?

Cavity walls are a type of construction where two layers of masonry are separated by a cavity or a space. The cavity is typically filled with insulation material to improve energy efficiency and provide sound insulation. Cavity walls are commonly used in residential and commercial construction, and they can be constructed in various locations depending on the building's design and requirements.

Here are some common locations where cavity walls may be constructed :


1. Cavity Wall at The Door or Window Openings

When constructing a cavity wall, special attention must be paid to the areas around door and window openings. These areas are called reveals, and they require extra care to ensure that the cavity wall system remains effective in providing insulation, weather resistance, and structural stability.


2. Cavity Wall in Roof

Cavity walls can also be used in roof construction to provide insulation, soundproofing, and structural stability. Cavity walls in roofs are typically constructed between the rafters and are designed to create an enclosed space that is filled with insulation material. This helps to prevent heat loss and improve energy efficiency in the building.


3. Cavity Wall in Parapet Wall

A parapet wall is a low wall or railing that extends above the roofline of a building. Cavity walls can be used in parapet walls to provide insulation, soundproofing, and structural stability. Cavity walls in parapet walls are typically constructed between the inner and outer skins of the wall and are designed to create an enclosed space that is filled with insulation material. This helps to prevent heat loss and improve energy efficiency in the building.


In conclusion, cavity walls provide several benefits for building construction. They offer enhanced thermal insulation, soundproofing, and structural stability, making them a popular choice for modern building design. Construction of cavity walls can be conducted in various areas of a building, such as a roof, parapet walls, and door or window openings, to improve energy efficiency and prevent heat loss. Proper construction materials, insulation, ventilation, flashing, and fire protection measures should be considered when constructing a cavity wall to ensure its effectiveness. By utilizing cavity walls in building construction, we can create comfortable and efficient living and working spaces that are durable and cost-effective.

 Related Articles

 Recommended Videos

  Tools for Home Building

Cost Calculator

Every home-builder wants to build their dream home but do so without going over-budget. By using the Cost Calculator, you’ll get a better idea of where and how much you might end up spending.



EMI Calculator

Taking a home-loan is one of the best ways to finance home-building but home-builders often ask how much EMI they’ll need to pay. With the EMI Calculator, you can get an estimate that will help you better plan your budget.


Product Predictor

For a home builder, it is important to find the right store where one can get all the valuable information about home building. Use the Store Locator feature and visit our store for more information on home building.


Store Locator

It is important for a home builder to select the right products during the initial stages of constructing a home. Use the Product Predictor to see which products will be needed while building your home.