Get In Touch

Get Answer To Your Queries

Select a valid category

Enter a valid sub category


Please check this box to proceed further

Tile Adhesive - Importance, Types, and Advantages

Tile adhesive is a vital component in ensuring the durability and longevity of tiled surfaces. It is a special type of glue or cement that is used to bond tiles to various substrates such as floors, walls, and countertops. It goes beyond just providing strong adhesion and also helps maintain the stability and integrity of the tiled surface.


Tile adhesive acts as a bonding agent between the tile and the substrate, ensuring that the tiles stay in place and do not shift or crack over time. It eliminates the need for traditional methods like using mortar cement, reducing the installation time and effort. It is designed to withstand the stresses and strains that tiled surfaces are subjected to, such as temperature changes, moisture, and foot traffic. They play a crucial role in the installation process, providing a secure and long-lasting bond. With the advancements in technology, adhesives used to fix tiles have become more versatile and efficient, catering to different types of tiles and substrates. To achieve a durable and aesthetically pleasing tile installation, it is essential to understand its importance, the different types of adhesives, and the advantages it offers.

Importance of Tile Adhesives

1. Bonding strength and durability

One of the key features of tile adhesive is its excellent bonding strength. It forms a strong, durable bond between the tiles and the substrate, ensuring that the tiles do not shift, crack, or come loose over time. This is especially important in high-traffic areas or spaces prone to moisture, where the tiles need to withstand constant wear and tear. Additionally, the use of epoxy grout can enhance the overall performance and durability of tiled surfaces.


2. Flexibility and stability

The different types of tile adhesive offer flexibility and stability to tiled surfaces. It allows for slight movement and expansion that can occur due to temperature changes, reducing the risk of tiles cracking or breaking. The adhesive creates a stable base for the tiles, ensuring that they remain securely in place for years to come.


3. Water resistance and moisture control

These adhesives typically have water-resistant properties, making them ideal for areas exposed to water, such as bathrooms and kitchens. It creates a barrier that prevents water penetration, reducing the risk of water damage or mould growth behind the tiles. Additionally, some types of tile adhesives also have moisture-control properties, allowing them to be used on damp substrates.


4. Easy to use

Tile adhesive is designed to be user-friendly and easy to work with. It comes in a ready-to-use form, eliminating the need for mixing and preparing mortar cement. With its smooth consistency, it is easy to apply and spread evenly, ensuring proper coverage and adhesion. This ease of use makes the tile installation process quicker and more efficient.


5. Economical

Using tile adhesive can be a cost-effective choice for tile installation. It eliminates the need for additional materials such as mortar cement, reducing both the material and labour costs. Additionally, the efficiency and durability of tile adhesive result in long-term savings as it eliminates the need for costly tile repairs or replacements down the line.


Types of Tile Adhesives

There are several types available, each designed to cater to specific tile types and installation requirements. Here are the common types of tile adhesives:


1. Type 1 Adhesive

Type 1 adhesive is suitable for tiles with standard body composition and higher porosity. It is commonly used for non-vitrified ceramic tiles and porous stones on various backgrounds. This adhesive provides a secure bond for most ceramic tiles and is a suitable choice for interior applications.


2. Type 2 Adhesive

Type 2 adhesive is ideal for tiles with low porosity, including vitrified or fully vitrified tiles, glass mosaic tiles, and dense stones. It is recommended for interior and exterior applications, including wet and submerged areas. This adhesive offers enhanced bonding strength and stability for demanding installations.


3. Type 3 Adhesive

Type 3 adhesive is designed for exterior wall substrates like plaster or concrete. It is suitable for ceramic, clay, porcelain, or glass mosaic tiles, as well as all-natural stone tiles. This adhesive provides reliable adhesion and strength for tiles on exterior walls.


4. Type 4 Adhesive

Type 4 adhesive is intended for installation on dry wallboard substrates. IIt is suitable for various types of stones and tiles, except for metal, except for metal tiles or engineered stones. This adhesive can be used on drywall boards like gypsum boards, plywood, wood, and other dry substrates, ensuring a secure bond.


5. Type 5 Adhesive

Type 5 adhesive is specifically designed for tiles and stones installed on glass or metallic substrates. It is suitable for metal tiles, glass tiles, and engineered stones, as well as other types of tiles and stones on cement-based substrates. This adhesive provides excellent adhesion and durability for specialised installations.

Advantages of Tile Adhesive

Using the different types of tile adhesives for tile installation offers numerous advantages that contribute to a successful and long-lasting outcome. Let's explore some key advantages:


1. Better tile alignment and levelling

A tile paste adhesive provides excellent adhesion and allows for precise alignment and levelling of tiles. Unlike traditional mortar which can lead to uneven surfaces or tile slippage, adhesive ensures that each tile is securely bonded to the substrate, resulting in a smooth and perfectly aligned finish.


2. Reduces the amount of time required

These adhesives significantly reduce the installation time compared to traditional mortar-based methods. Its ready-to-use formulation eliminates the need for time-consuming mixing and preparation. The ease of application and its quick drying properties allows for faster completion of tiling projects, making it a time-efficient option.


3. Labour efficiency

Tile adhesive simplifies the tile installation process, making it more efficient and reducing the required labour. It's an easy application and smooth spreading characteristics enable installers to work more effectively, covering larger areas in less time. Additionally, the adhesive's strong bonding properties eliminate the need for extensive rework or repairs, further reducing labour requirements.


4. Better bonding strength

Tile adhesive provides a superior bonding strength between the tiles and the substrate. This strong bond ensures that the tiles remain firmly in place, even in high-traffic or high-moisture areas. With their usage, there is a reduced risk of tiles becoming loose, chipped, or cracked over time, resulting in a longer-lasting and more durable tiled surface. It effectively minimises the occurrence of tile popping, where tiles dislodge from the surface due to insufficient adhesion.

Tile adhesive plays a crucial role in ensuring the durability, stability, and aesthetic appeal of tiled surfaces. By selecting the appropriate types of tile adhesive and following proper installation techniques, individuals can achieve professional and aesthetically pleasing tile installations. Whether for residential or commercial projects, using adhesives on tiles is a smart choice that can guarantee a successful outcome.

 Related Articles

Recommended Videos

  Tools for Home Building

Cost Calculator

Every home-builder wants to build their dream home but do so without going over-budget. By using the Cost Calculator, you’ll get a better idea of where and how much you might end up spending.



EMI Calculator

Taking a home-loan is one of the best ways to finance home-building but home-builders often ask how much EMI they’ll need to pay. With the EMI Calculator, you can get an estimate that will help you better plan your budget.


Product Predictor

For a home builder, it is important to find the right store where one can get all the valuable information about home building. Use the Store Locator feature and visit our store for more information on home building.


Store Locator

It is important for a home builder to select the right products during the initial stages of constructing a home. Use the Product Predictor to see which products will be needed while building your home.