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Tiles 101: A Beginner’s Guide to Different Types of Tiles

When embarking on the journey of building your dream home, tiles become an important subject of conversation. Here’s your guide to the variety of tiles that exist so you can make an informed decision.


Tiles are a popular choice for flooring, walls, and even ceilings due to their durability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal. With all types of tiles available in the market, it can be overwhelming to choose the right tiles for your specific needs. In this blog, we will explore the different types of tiles available, their names, characteristics, and the various areas of your home where they can be used.


Before we dive into the specifics, it is important to understand the basic types of tiles: ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles, glass tiles, and natural stone tiles. Each of these is unique in terms of composition, appearance, and functionality.


What are the Variety of Tiles Available in the Market

Tiles are essential elements in interior design, offering both practicality and aesthetics. They come in various materials, each with distinct characteristics. Ceramic tiles, for instance, are celebrated for their durability and adaptability, suitable for a wide range of applications. Porcelain tiles, on the other hand, are a dense and resilient variety, ideal for high-traffic areas. Glass tiles introduce vibrancy and are often used decoratively, while natural stone tiles like marble and granite bring timeless elegance but require regular care. Wooden tiles, available in hardwood and faux wood variants, provide the warm look of wood with tile's durability. Understanding these types of tiles and their attributes is crucial when making design decisions for your spaces. Let’s delve deeper to understand each kind.


1. Ceramic Tiles


Ceramic tiles are a popular choice for both residential and commercial spaces due to their durability, versatility, and affordability. They are further available in different types of tiles, including porcelain and mosaic. 


a) Porcelain Tiles

Porcelain tiles stand out for their density and resistance to moisture, stains, and scratches, making them perfect for high-traffic and outdoor areas. With a wide array of colors and finishes, they offer versatility and easy maintenance without the need for sealing or special cleaning products.


b) Mosaic Tiles 

Mosaic tiles, typically under 2 inches in size, are versatile decorative tiles often composed of ceramic, glass, or natural stone, mounted on a mesh backing. They excel at crafting intricate designs and patterns, commonly enhancing bathrooms, kitchens, and pools with creative visual interest.

2) Wooden Tiles

Wooden tiles provide a unique combination of the natural beauty of wood with the durability and easy maintenance of tiles. There are two types of tiles under this: 


a) Hardwood Tiles

Hardwood tiles, crafted from real wood like oak, maple, and walnut, replicate the classic hardwood floor appearance. They offer versatile color and grain options, can be sanded and refinished, and are suitable for most rooms, especially living areas, bedrooms, and hallways.


b) Faux Wood Tiles

Also known as wood-look tiles, Faux wood tiles are crafted from ceramic or porcelain, capturing the look of real wood at a more budget-friendly price. With a range of colors and finishes, they offer warmth and style. These tiles resist moisture, scratches, and stains, making them ideal for humid spaces like bathrooms and kitchens, and they demand less upkeep, providing the appeal of wood with tile benefits. 

3) Glass Tiles

Glass tiles, with their glossy finish, illuminate spaces by reflecting light and offer versatile design options. They're popular in kitchens, bathrooms, and as backsplashes due to their durability, stain resistance, and ease of cleaning. Yet, they may come at a higher cost and sometimes need professional installation for proper adhesion.


4) Cement Tiles

Cement tiles, also called encaustic tiles, are handcrafted with colored cement, offering unique decorative patterns and vibrant colors. They're durable and perfect for high-traffic areas, naturally slip-resistant, but require sealing and regular maintenance to preserve their charm. Despite higher costs, they're cherished for timeless beauty and adding character to a room.


5) Vitrified Tiles

Vitrified tiles are a durable and versatile flooring option suitable for various spaces. Their strength, low porosity, and easy maintenance make them a popular choice for both residential and commercial projects. They are of various types, including:


a) Polished Glazed Vitrified Tiles 

Polished Glazed Vitrified Tiles, or PGVT, are ceramic tiles with a glossy finish achieved by applying and polishing a glaze layer over vitrified tiles. They offer a sleek and durable option for modern interiors, available in various designs and colors, ideal for residential and commercial spaces.


b) Glazed Vitrified Tiles

Glazed Vitrified Tiles, known as GVT tiles, feature a glaze layer with diverse designs and patterns. While they may have a less glossy finish than PGVT, they offer aesthetic versatility. These durable and water-resistant tiles are commonly used in indoor areas like kitchens, bathrooms, and living spaces, providing the look of natural materials with the practicality of ceramics.



Many other kinds of tiles such as Natural Stone Tiles, Quarry Tiles, Terracotta Tiles, and Metal Tiles exist, from which one can choose the perfect fit for their home.

In this blog post, we've explored various types of tiles commonly used in interior and exterior design. Additionally, there are other tile types like marble, granite, terracotta, and travertine, each offering unique aesthetics. Each type holds value in different situations and house designs. Understanding these options helps in creating beautiful and functional spaces suited to your preferences.

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